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Essay on Population
Continuing on Thomas Malthus' Essay on Population. Malthus rejects the utilitarian and communist ideas of a contemporary William Godwin, saying that if a society is created where everyone is provided for, and feels fairly certain their children will be provided for, it will be a baby-making bonanza. All those children will in turn oversaturate the environment with horrible outcome. You need some degree of misery to keep fertility low, since it is reasoned most are not going to have children only to watch them starve. Feeding the poor can backfire in making their situation worse.