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Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
Finished Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902). Kropotkin responds to Darwin's theory of evolution, but I think it is more accurately a response to theories of social Darwinism -- ideas that individuals are in struggle with each other and that the poor are unfit and it would be unwise to come to their aid, since nature wants them gone. Darwin's evolution does not preclude cooperation giving groups competitive advantage, although Darwin does predict in Origins that no organism will do something (or have some structure) without deriving at least some benefit itself.